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612. The endings are the primary

1. Present Indicative.

The endings are the primary (with अते áte in 3d pl. mid.), added to the bare root. The root takes the accent, and has guṇa, if capable of it, in the three persons sing. act.

Examples of inflection: a. active, root इ i go: strong form of root-stem, ए é; weak form, इ i; middle, root ās sit, stem ā́s (irregularly accented throughout: 628).

active.middle.
s.d.p.s.d.p.
1एमि
émi
इवस्
ivás
इमस्
imás
आसे
ā́se
आस्वहे
ā́svahe
आस्महे
ā́smahe
2एषि
éṣi
इथस्
ithás
इथ
ithá
आस्से
ā́sse
आसाथे
ā́sāthe
आद्ध्वे
ā́ddhve
3एति
éti
इतस्
itás
यन्ति
yánti
आस्ते
ā́ste
आसाते
ā́sāte
आसते
ā́sate

b. root dviṣhate: strong stem-form, dvéṣ; weak, dviṣ. For rules of combination for the final , see 226.

1dvéṣmidviṣvásdviṣmásdviṣédviṣváhedviṣmáhe
2dvékṣidviṣṭhásdviṣṭhádvikṣédviṣā́thedviḍḍhvé
3dvéṣṭidviṣṭásdviṣántidviṣṭédviṣā́tedviṣáte

c. root duh milk: strong stem-form, dóh; weak, duh. For rules of combination for the final h, and for the conversion of the initial to dh, see 222 a, 155, 160.

1dóhmiduhvásduhmásduhéduhváheduhmáhe
2dhókṣidugdhásdugdhádhukṣéduhā́thedhugdhvé
3dógdhidugdhásduhántidugdhéduhā́teduháte

d. root lih lick: strong stem, léh; weak, lih. For rules of combination of the final h, see 222 b.

1léhmilihváslihmáslihélihváhelihmáhe
2lékṣilīḍháslīḍhálikṣélihā́thelīḍhvé
3léḍhilīḍháslihántilīḍhélihā́teliháte