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616. The personal endings

3. Present Optative.

The personal endings combined with the mode-signs of this mode (या  in act., ई ī in mid.) have been given in full above (566). The stem-form is the unaccented and unstrengthened root.

active.middle.
s.d.p.s.d.p.
1इयाम्
iyā́m
इयाव
iyā́va
इयाम
iyā́ma
आसीय
ā́sīya
आसीवहि
ā́sīvahi
आसीमहि
ā́sīmahi
2इयास्
iyā́s
इयातम्
iyā́tam
इयात
iyā́ta
आसीथास्
ā́sīthās
आसीयाथाम्
ā́sīyāthām
आसीध्वम्
ā́sīdhvam
3इयात्
iyā́t
इयाताम्
iyā́tām
इयुस्
iyús
आसीत
ā́sīta
आसीयाताम्
ā́sīyātām
आसीरन्
ā́sīran

a. In the same manner, from √dviṣ, dviṣyā́m and dviṣīyá; from √duh, duhyā́m and duhīyá; from √lih, lihyā́m and lihīyá. The inflection is so regular that the example above given is enough, with the addition of dviṣīyá, to show the normal accentuation in the middle: thus, sing. dviṣīyá, dviṣīthā́s, dviṣītá; du. dviṣīváhi, dviṣīyā́thām, dviṣīyā́tām; pl. dviṣīmáhi, dviṣīdhvám, dviṣīrán.

b. The RV. has once tana in 2d pl. act. (in syātana).