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703. The inflection of the imperative

4. Present Imperative.

The inflection of the imperative is in general like that in the preceding classes. As regards the 2d sing. act., the rule of the later language is that the ending हि hi is taken whenever the root itself ends in a consonant; otherwise, the tense- (or mode-) stem stands by itself as 2d person (for the earlier usage, see below, 704). An example of inflection is:

active.middle.
s.d.p.s.d.p.
1सुनवानि
sunávāni
सुनवाव
sunávāva
सुनवाम
sunávāma
सुनवै
sunávāi
सुनवावहै
sunávāvahāi
सुनवामहै
sunávāmahāi
2सुनु
sunú
सुनुतम्
sunutám
सुनुत
sunutá
सुनुष्व
sunuṣvá
सुन्वाथाम्
sunvā́thām
सुनुध्वम्
sunudhvám
3सुनोतु
sunótu
सुनुताम्
sunutā́m
सुन्वन्तु
sunvántu
सुनुताम्
sunutā́m
सुन्वाताम्
sunvā́tām
सुन्वताम्
sunvátām

a. From √āp, the 2d sing. act. would be āpnuhí; from √ açnuhí; from √dhṛṣdhṛṣṇuhí; and so on. From √āp, too, would be made āpnuvántu, āpnuvā́thām, āpnuvā́tām, āpnuvátām.