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738. Present Optative

3. Present Optative.

The scheme of optative endings as combined with the final of an a-stem was given in full above (566).

active.middle.
s.d.p.s.d.p.
1भवेयम्
bháveyam
भवेव
bháveva
भवेम
bhávema
भवेय
bháveya
भवेवहि
bhávevahi
भवेमहि
bhávemahi
2भवेस्
bháves
भवेतम्
bhávetam
भवेत
bháveta
भवेथास्
bhávethās
भवेयाथाम्
bháveyāthām
भवेध्वम्
bhávedhvam
3भवेत्
bhávet
भवेताम्
bhávetām
भवेयुस्
bháveyus
भवेत
bháveta
भवेयाताम्
bháveyātām
भवेरन्
bháveran

a. The RV. has once the 3d pl. mid. bharerata (for one other example, see 752 b). AV. has udeyam from √vad.

b. A few instances are met with of middle 3d persons from a-stems in īta and (very rarely) īran, instead of eta and eran. For convenience, they may be put together here (excepting the more numerous causative forms, for which see 1043 c); they are (so far as noted) these: nayīta S. and later, çaṅsīta S., çrayīta S.; dhayīta S., dhyāyīta U., hvayīta AB. S. and hvayīran S., dhmāyīta U. An active form çaṅsīyāt C. is isolated and anomalous.