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752. Example of inflection: root - center

 Example of inflection: root विश् viç enter; stem विश viçá:

1. Present Indicative.
active.middle.
s.d.p.s.d.p.
1विशामि
viçā́mi
विशावस्
viçā́vas
विशामस्
viçā́mas
विशे
viçé
विशावहे
viçā́vahe
विशामहे
viçā́mahe
etc.etc.etc.etc.etc.etc.
2. Present Subjunctive.
1viçā́niviçā́vaviçā́maviçāíviçā́vahāiviçā́mahāi
2viçā́si
viçā́s
viçā́thaviçā́se
viçā́sāi
viçāíthe
3viçā́ti
viçā́t
viçā́tasviçā́nviçā́te
viçā́tāi
viçāíteviçā́ntāi

a. A single example of the briefer 1st sing. act. is mṛkṣā́. The only forms in āithe and āite are pṛṇāíthe and yuvāíte.

3. Present Optative.
active.middle.
s.d.p.s.d.p.
1विशेयम्
viçéyam
विशेव
viçéva
विशेम
viçéma
विशेय
viçéya
विशेवहि
viçévahi
विशेमहि
viçémahi
etc.etc.etc.etc.etc.etc.
b. The RV. has the ending tana once in tiretana 2d pl. act., and rata in juṣerata 3d pl. mid.
4. Present Imperative.

The first persons having been given above as subjunctives, the second are added here:

2विश
viçá
विशतम्
viçátam
विशत
viçáta
विशस्व
viçásva
विशेथाम्
viçéthām
विशध्वम्
viçádhvam
etc.etc.etc.etc.etc.etc.

c. The ending tāt is found in RV. and AV. in mṛḍatāt, vṛhatāt, suvatāt; other examples are not infrequent in the Brāhmaṇa language: thus, khidatāt, chyatāt, pṛcchatāt, viçatāt, sṛjatāt; and later, spṛçatāt. The 3d sing. act nudātu and muñcātu occur in Sūtras (cf. 740).

5. Present Participle.

The active participle is विशन्त् viçánt; the middle is विशमान viçámāna.

d. The feminine of the active participle is usually made from the strong stem-form: thus, viçántī; but sometimes from the weak: thus, siñcántī and siñcatī́ (RV. and AV.), tudántīand tudatī́ (AV.): see above, 449 d, e.

e. Middle participles in āna instead of māna are dhuvāná, dhṛṣāṇá, liçāna, çyāna, in the older language; kṛçāna, muñcāna, spṛçāna in the later (cf. 741 a).

6. Imperfect.
1अविशम्
áviçam
अविशाव
áviçāva
अविशाम
áviçāma
अविशे
áviçe
अविशावहि
áviçāvahi
अविशामहि
áviçāmahi
etc.etc.etc.etc.etc.etc.

f. Examples of augmentless forms accented are sṛjás, sṛját, tiránta.

g. The a-aorist (846 ff.) is in general the equivalent, as regards its forms, of an imperfect of this class.