Contents‎ > ‎CHAPTERS‎ > ‎CHAPTER IX‎ > ‎

753. Nearly a hundred and fifty roots

Stems of the á-class are made from nearly a hundred and fifty roots: for about a third of these, in both the earlier and the later language; for a half, in the earlier only; for the remainder, nearly twenty, only in the later language. Among them are a number of transfers from the classes of the non-a-conjugation.

a. In some of these transfers, as pṛṇ and mṛṇ (731), there takes place almost a setting-up of independent roots.

b. The stems icchá, ucchá, and ṛcchá are reckoned as belonging respectively to the roots iṣ desirevas shine, and  go.

c. The roots written by the Hindu grammarians with final o — namely, cho, do, ço, and so — and forming the present-stems chyádyá, çyá, syá, are more properly (as having an accented á in the stem) to be reckoned to this class than to the ya-class, where the native classification puts them (see 761 g). They appear to be analogous with the stems kṣya, sva, hva, noted below (755).