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771. The inflectiom of the passive-stem

 The inflectiom of the passive-stem is precisely like that of the other a-stems; it differs only in accent from that of the class last given. It may be here presented, therefore, in the same abbreviated form:

a. Example of inflection: root kṛ make; passive-stem क्रिय kriyá:
1. Present Indicative.
s.d.p.
1क्रिये
kriyé
क्रियावहे
kriyā́vahe
क्रियामहे
kriyā́mahe
etc.etc.etc.
2. Present Subjunctive.

b. The forms noticed as occurring in the older language are alone here instanced:

s.d.p.
1kriyāíkriyā́mahāi
2kriyā́dhvāi
3kriyā́te
kriyā́tāi
kriyā́ntāi

c. The 3d pl. ending antāi is found once (ucyantāi K.).

3. Present Optative.
1क्रियेय
kriyéya
क्रियेवहि
kriyévahi
क्रियेमहि
kriyémahi
etc.etc.etc.

d. No forms of the passive optative chance to occur in RV. or AV.; they are found, however, in the Brāhmaṇas. ChU. has once dhmāyīta.

4. Present Imperative.
2क्रियस्व
kriyásva
क्रियेथाम्
kriyéthām
क्रियध्वम्
kriyádhvam
etc.etc.etc.
5. Present Participle.

e. This is made with the suffix मान māna: thus, क्रियमाण kriyámāṇa.

f. In use, this participle is well distinguished from the other passive participle by its distinctively present meaning: thus, kṛtá done, but kriyámāṇa in process of doing, or being done.

6. Imperfect.
1अक्रिये
ákriye
अक्रियावहि
ákriyāvahi
अक्रियामहि
ákriyāmahi
etc.etc.etc.

g. The passive-sign is never resolved into ia in the Veda.