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775. The so-called Tenth class

The so-called Tenth or cur-Class.

As was noticed above (607), the Hindu grammarians — and, after their example, most European also — recognize yet another conjugation-class, coördinate with those already described; its stems show the class-sign áya, added to a generally strengthened root (for details as to the strengthening, see 1042). Though this is no proper class, but a secondary or derivative conjugation (its stems are partly of causative formation, partly denominative with altered accent), an abbreviated example of its forms may, for the sake of accordance with other grammars, be added here.

a. Example: root cint think, meditate; stem cintáya:

active.middle.
Pres.Indic.cintáyāmicintáye
Subj.cintáyānicintáyāi
Opt.cintáyeyamcintáyeya
Pple.cintáyantcintáyamāna
Impf.ácintayamácintaye


b. The inflection, of course, is the same with that of other forms from a-stems (733 a).

c. The middle participle, in the later language, is more often made with āna instead of māna: thus, cintayāna: see 1043 f.