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566. Combined mode-sign

The combined mode-sign and endings of the optative, then, are as follows, in their double form, for a-stems and for others:

a. for non-a-stems.

active.middle.

s.d.p.s.d.p.
1yā́myā́vayā́maīyáīváhiīmáhi
2yā́syā́tamyā́taīthā́sīyā́thāmīdhvám
3yā́tyā́tāmyúsītáīyā́tāmīrán
b. combined with the final of a-stems.
1eyamevaemaeyaevahiemahi
2esetametaethāseyāthāmedhvam
3etetāmeyusetaeyātāmeran

c. The  is in the Veda not seldom resolved into .

d. The contracted sanem, for saneyam, is found in TB. and Āpast. Certain Vedic 3d pl. middle forms in rata will be mentioned below, under the various formations.