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827. In the RV., nearly half the roots

a. In the RV., nearly half the roots occurring show aorist forms, of one or another class; in the AV., rather less than one third; and in the other texts of the older language comparatively few aorists occur which are not found in these two.

b. More than fifty roots, in RV. and AV. together, make aorist forms of more than one class (not taking into account the reduplicated or "causative" aorist); but no law appears to underlie this variety; of any relation such as is taught by the grammarians, between active of one class and middle of another as correlative, there is no trace discoverable.

c. Examples are: of classes 1 and 4, adhām and dhāsus from √dhāayuji and ayukṣata from √yuj; — of 1 and 5, agrabham and agrabhīṣma from √grabhmṛṣṭhās andmarṣiṣṭhās from √mṛṣ; — of 1 and 2, ārta and arāt from √; — of 2 and 4, avidam and avitsi from √vid findanijam and anāikṣīt from √nij; — of 2 and 5, sanéma andasāniṣam from √san; of 2 and 7, aruham and arukṣat from √ruh; — of 4 and 5, amatsus and amādiṣus from √mad; — of 4 and 6, hāsmahi and hāsiṣus from √; — of 1 and 2 and 4, atnata and atanat and atān from √tan; — of 1 and 4 and 5, abudhran and ábhutsi and bódhiṣat from √budhástar and stṛṣīya and astarīs from √stṛ. Often the second, or second and third, class is represented by only an isolated form or two.