Contents‎ > ‎CHAPTERS‎ > ‎CHAPTER XI‎ > ‎

887. The principal peculiarity

Irregularities of stem-formation are as follows:

a. The strengthening of the root-syllable is now and then irregularly made or omitted: thus, ayokṣīt (AB.), chetsīs (B.S.; also occurs in MBh., which has further yotsīs), rotsīs(KU.); amatsus (RV.); ayāṁsi and arāutsi (AB.), asākṣi etc. (V.B.: √sah), māṅsta (AY.) and māṅstām (TA.); lopsīya (U.); and MBh. has drogdhās. From √saj is madesān̄kṣīt (U. etc.), and from √majjamān̄kṣīt (not quotable). The form ayun̄kṣmahi (BhP.) is doubtless a false reading.

b. A radical final nasal is lost in agasmahi (RV.) and gasāthām (TA.) from √gam, and in the optatives masīya and vasīmahi (RV.) from √√man and van.

c. The roots hū, dhū, and  have ū instead of o in the middle: thus, ahūṣata, adhūṣata, anūṣi and anūṣātām and anūṣata; √dhur (or dhūrv) makes adhūrṣata.

d. ÇB. has once atrāsatām for atrāstām (√trā).