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954. Its weakest form

The root before त  has usually its weakest form, if there is anywhere in the verbal system a distinction of weak and strong forms. Thus:

a. A penultimate nasal is not seldom dropped: examples are aktá (√añj), baddhá (√bandh), çrabdha (√çrambh), daṣṭá (√daṅç), srasta (√sraṅs), bāḍha (√baṅh).

b. Roots which are abbreviated in the weak forms of the perfect (794) suffer the same abbreviation here: examples are uktá (√vac), uṣṭá (√vas shine), uptá (√vap: also vapta), ūḍhá(√vah), suptá (√svap), iṣṭá (√yaj), viddhá (√vyadh); — and, by a similar procedure, √prach (or praç) makes pṛṣṭá, √bhraṅç makes bhṛṣṭa (beside the regular bhraṣṭá), and √çra boil makes çṛṭá (beside çrātá).

c. Final ā is weakened to ī in gītá (√ sing), dhītá (√dhā suck), pītá (√ drink), sphīta; and jītá, vītá, çītá are made from the roots jyā, vyā, çyā, (or  etc.); — and further to i in chitá (beside chātá), dita (√ divide and  bind), drita (? √drā sleep), hitá (√dhā put: with h for dh; but dhita also occurs in V.), mitá (√ measure),çitá (also çāta), sitá, sthitá.

d. A final m is lost after a in gatá, natá, yatá, ratá (from √gam etc.); and a final n in kṣata, tatá, matá, hatá. As to the other roots in am and an taking ta, see 955 a, b.

e. More isolated cases are -ūta (RV.: √av), utá or ūta (√ weave), çiṣṭá (also çāsta: √çās), mūrtá (referred to √mūrch). As to -gdha and jagdhá, see 233 f.

f. On the other hand, √svad makes svāttá.