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981. The accusative is made only from the root-noun

The accusative, which is made only from the root-noun and the noun in tu, is used as object of a verb.

a. Especially, of forms from the root çak be able, and arh be worthy, have the right or the power. Thus, çakéma tvā samídham (RV.) may we accomplish thy kindlingmā́ çakan pratidhā́m íṣum (AV.) may they not be able to fit the arrow to the stringmáno vā́ imā́ṁ sadyáḥ páryāptum arhati mánaḥ páribhavitum (TS.) the mind, forsooth, can at once attain and surpass herkó hy ètásyā́ ’rhati gúhyaṁ nā́ma gráhītum (ÇB.) for who is worthy to take his secret name? In the Veda, the construction with these verbs is only one among others; in the Brāhmaṇa, it becomes the greatly prevalent one (three quarters or more of all the cases).

b. Further, of verbs of motion (next most frequent case): thus, dā́kṣiṇāni hótum eti (TS.) he goes to sacrifice things pertaining to sacrificial giftsíndram pratíram emy ā́yuḥ(RV.) I go to Indra for (i. e. beseech of himthe lengthening out of life; — of √dhṛ persist in, undertake: as, sá idáṁ jātáḥ sárvam evá dágdhuṁ dadhre (ÇB.) he, as soon as born, began to burn this universe; — of verbs meaning desire, hope, notice, know, and the like: as, pā́çān vicṛ́taṁ vettha sárvān (AV.) thou knowest how to loosen all bonds;tásmād agníṁ nā́ ”driyeta párihantum (ÇB.) therefore one should not be careful to smother the fire; — and of others.