Contents‎ > ‎CHAPTERS‎ > ‎CHAPTER XIII‎ > ‎

989. The so-called gerund is a stereotyped case

Gerunds.

The so-called gerund is a stereotyped case (doubtless instrumental) of a verbal noun, used generally as adjunct to the logical subject of a clause, denoting an accompanying or (more often) a preceding action to that signified by the verb of the clause. It has thus the virtual value of an indeclinable participle, present or past, qualifying the actor whose action it describes.

a. Thus, for example: çrutvāi ’va cā ’bruvan and hearing (or having heardthey spoketebhyaḥ pratijñāyā ’thāi ’tān paripapraccha having given them his promise, he then questioned them.