Contents‎ > ‎CHAPTERS‎ > ‎CHAPTER XIV‎ > ‎

1029. The consonant of the reduplication

The consonant of the reduplication follows the general rules (590); the vowel is इ i if the root has an a-vowel, or ऋ , or an i- vowel; it is उ u if the root has an u-vowel. But:

a. A few roots have a long vowel in the reduplicating syllable: thus, bībhatsa from √badh or bādhmīmaṅsa from √man; and tūtūrṣa (RV.) from √turdadhiṣu (AV.) and dadan̄kṣu(C.) are probably false forms.

b. From √ is made (ÇB.) açiçiṣa, and from √edh (VS.) edidhiṣa (with a mode of reduplication like that followed sometimes in the reduplicating aorist: 862). In the older language, these are the only roots with initial vowel which form a desiderative stem, except āp and ṛdh, which have abbreviated stems: see the next paragraph. In the later language occur furthereṣiṣiṣa (√iṣ seek) and īcikṣiṣa (√īkṣ); and the grammarians add others, as arjihiṣa (√arh), undidiṣa (√und), ardidhiṣa (√ṛdh).

c. RV. has the stems ínakṣa and íyakṣa, regarded as desideratives from √√naç attain and yaj, with mutilated reduplication.