Contents‎ > ‎CHAPTERS‎ > ‎CHAPTER XIV‎ > ‎

1030. A number of roots, including some of very common

A number of roots, including some of very common use, form an abbreviated stem apparently by a contraction of reduplication and root together into one syllable: thus, ईप्स īpsafrom √आप् āp; दित्स ditsa from √दा .

a. Such abbreviated stems are found in the older language as follows: dhitsa (beside didhiṣa) from √dhāditsa (beside didāsa) from √dipsa (dhīpsa JB.) from √dabhçikṣafrom √çaksīkṣa from √sah: these are found in RV.; in AV. are added īpsa from √āp (RV. has apsa once), and īrtsa from √ṛdh; the other texts furnish lipsa (ÇB.) or līpsa (TB.) from √labhripsa (GB.) from √rabhpitsa (ÇB.) from √pad, and dhīkṣa (ÇB.) from √dah (not √dih, since no roots with i as medial vowel show the contracted form). In the later language are further found pitsa from √pat also, jñīpsa from the causative quasi-root jñap (below, 1042 j), and the anomalous mitsa from √ measure (allowed also from roots miand ); and the grammarians give ritsa from √rādh. Also mokṣa is (very questionably) viewed as a desiderative stem from √muc.