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1032. Inflection: Present-System

Inflection: Present-System. The desiderative stem is conjugated in the present-system with perfect regularity, like other a-stems (733 a), in both voices, in all the modes (including, in the older language, the subjunctive), and with participles and imperfect. It will be sufficient to give here the first persons only. We may take as active model ईप्स īpsa seek to obtain, from √आप् āp obtain; as middle, तितिक्ष titikṣa endure, from √तिज् tij be sharp (see below, 1040).

1. Present Indicative.
active.middle.
s.d.p.s.d.p.
1ईप्सामि
ī́psāmi
ईप्सावस्
ī́psāvas
ईप्सामस्
ī́psāmas
तितिक्षे
títikṣe
तितिक्षावहे
títikṣāvahe
तितिक्षामहे
títikṣāmahe
etc.etc.etc.etc.etc.etc.
2. Present Subjunctive.
1ईप्सानि
ī́psāni
ईप्साव
ī́psāva
ईप्साम
ī́psāma
तितिक्षै
títikṣāi
तितिक्षावहै
títikṣāvahāi
तितिक्षामहै
títikṣāmahāi
etc.etc.etc.etc.etc.etc.
3. Present Optative.
1ईप्सेयम्
ī́pseyam
ईप्सेव
ī́pseva
ईप्सेम
ī́psema
तितिक्षेय
títikṣeya
तितिक्षेवहि
títikṣevahi
तितिक्षेमहि
títikṣemahi
etc.etc.etc.etc.etc.etc.
4. Present Imperative.
2ईप्स
ī́psa
ईप्सतम्
ī́psatam
ईप्सत
ī́psata
तितिक्षस्व
títikasva
तितिक्षेथाम्
títiksetham
तितिक्षध्वम्
títiksadhvam
etc.etc.etc.etc.etc.etc.
5. Present Participle.
ईप्सन्त् ī́psant (f.ईप्सन्ती ī́psantī)तितिक्षध्वम् títikṣadhvam
6. Imperfect.
1ऐप्सम्
āípsam
ऐप्साव
āípsāva
ऐप्साम
āípsāma
अतितिक्षे átitikṣeअतितिक्षावहि
átitikṣāvahi
अतितिक्षामहि
átitikṣāmahi
etc.etc.etc.etc.etc.etc.

a. There are almost no irregularities of inflection to be reported from the older language. No 1st pl. in masi, or 2d pl. in thana or tana, is met with; of the impv. in tāt, only īpsatāt. The quotable subjunctive forms are those in sānisāt and satsān, and santa. KBU. has jijñāsīta (cf. 738 b). But the fem. pple síṣāsatī (instead of siṣāsantī) occurs once or twice in the older texts; and RV. has dídhiṣāṇa.

b. In the epics and later are found sporadic forms of the conjugation: thus, sisṛkṣmas (BhP.), titikṣmahe and bubhūṣate 3d pl. (MBb.); and the fem. participles lipsatī andcikīrṣatī (MBh.: against 449 b). The anomalous jighīṅsīyāt occurs also in MBh. and Vas.