Contents‎ > ‎CHAPTERS‎ > ‎CHAPTER XIV‎ > ‎

1039. Derivative or Tertiary Conjugations

 Derivative or Tertiary Conjugations. A passive is allowed to be made, by adding the passive-sign य  to the desiderative root (or stem without final a): thus, ईप्स्यते īpsyáte it is desired to be obtained; — and a causative, by adding in like manner the causative-sign अय áya (1041): thus, ईप्सयामि īpsáyāmi I cause to desire obtainment.

a. Of these formations in the older language are found mīmāṅsyámāna (doubtless to be read for -sámāna, AV.), lipsyámāna (ÇB.), and rurutsyamāna (K.). Half-a-dozen such passives are quotable later, and one or two causatives: e. g. cikitsyate, vivakṣyate, jijñāsyatecikīrṣayant, cikitsayiṣyati.

b. For the desiderative conjugation formed on causative stems, which is found as early as the Brāhmaṇas, see below, 1052b.