Contents‎ > ‎CHAPTERS‎ > ‎CHAPTER XIV‎ > ‎

1064. The largest class of consonantal stems

The largest class of consonantal stems are those showing a s before the ya; and, as has been seen above, a sibilant is sometimes, by analogy, added to a final vowel, making the denominative-sign virtually sya — or even, with a also added after an i- or u- vowel, asya; and this comes to be recognized by the grammarians as an independent sign, forming denominatives that express desire: thus, sumakhasyáte is merryjīvanasya- (in -syā́ love of life); vṛṣasyati desires the male (the only quotable examples); madhuṣyati ormadhvasyati longs for honey; kṣīrasyati craves milk.