Contents‎ > ‎CHAPTERS‎ > ‎CHAPTER XVI‎ > ‎

1099. With the suffix tra

With the suffix tra (in the older language often trā) are made adverbs having a locative sense, and occasionally also a locative construction.

a. These adverbs are very few, compared with those in tas. They are formed chiefly from pronominal stems, and from other stems having a quasi-pronominal character: namely, in tra,átratátrayátrakútraamútraanyátraviçvátrasarvátraubhayátraaparatrauttaratraitarátraanyataratrapūrvatraparatrasamānátra,ekatraanekatraekāikatra; in trāasmatrā́satrā́purutrā́bahutrā́dakṣiṇatrā́. But a few in trā come from ordinary nouns: thus, devatrā́martyatrā́,puruṣatrā́manuṣyatrā́pākatrā́çayutrā́kurupañcālatrā́. Those in trā are distinguished from the others by their accent.

b. Examples of locative construction are: hásta ā́ dakṣiṇatrā́ (RV.) in the right hand; yátrā́ ’dhi (RV.) in which; ekatra puruṣe (MBh.) in a single man; atra mārātmake (H.)in this murderous creature; prabhutvaṁ tatra yujyate (H.) sovereignty befits him. And, as the locative case is used also to express the goal of motion (304), so the adverbs in trahave sometimes an accusative as well as a locative value: thus, tatra gaccha go there or thither; pathó devatrā́ yā́nān (RV.) roads that go to the gods.