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1100. Suffixes of locality

One or two other suffixes of locality are:

a. ha, in ihá herekúha where? and the Vedic viçváha (also viçváhāviçvā́hāalways (compare below, 1104b); and ihá (like átra etc.: 1099 b) is sometimes used with locative-case value: e. g. iha samaye (H.) at this conjuncture.

b. tāt, which is added to words having already a local or directive value: thus, to adverbial accusatives, prā́ktātúdaktāttā́vattāt; to adverbial ablatives, ārā́ttāt,uttarā́ttātparākā́ttāt; and to prepositional adverbs, paçcā́tātadhā́stātavástātparástātpurástātbahíṣṭāt. Apparently by analogy with these last, the suffix has the form stāt in upáriṣṭāt (and BhP. has udastāt).

c. hi, in uttarā́hi (ÇB.) and dakṣiṇāhi (not quotable).