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1104. Adverbs especially from numerals

By the suffix dhā are formed adverbs especially from numerals, signifying -fold, times, ways, etc.

a. Thus, ekadhā́dvidhā́ (also dvídhā and dvedhā́), trídhā (in the older language usually tredhā́), ṣaḍḍhā́ (also ṣoḍhā́ and ṣaḍdhā), dvādaçadhā́ekānnaviṅçatidhā́,sahasradhā́, and so on. Also, naturally, from words having a quasi-numeral character: thus, anekadhākatidhā́tatidhā́bahudhā́purudhā́viçvádhāçaçvadhā́,aparimitadhāyāvaddhā́etāvaddhā́māsadhā. In a very few cases, also from general noun and adjective stems: thus, mitradhā́ (AV.), priyadhā́ (TS.; predhā́, MS.),ṛjudhā́ (TB.), urudhā and citradhā (BhP.); and from one adverb, bahirdhā́.

b. The particle ádha or ádhā, a Vedic equivalent of átha, probably belongs here (purudhá and viçvádha, with shortened final, occur a few times in RV.); also addhā́ in truth; and perhaps sahá with, which has an equivalent sadha- in several Vedic compounds. And the other adverbs in ha (1100 a) may be of like origin.