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1128. The Ablative

The Ablative. In the prepositional constructions of the ablative (as was pointed out and partly illustrated above, 293), the ablative value of the case, and the merely directive value of the added particle, are for the most part clearly to be traced. Many of the verbal prefixes are more or less frequently joined in the older language with this case: oftenest, ádhi and pári; more sporadically, ánuápaávapráti, and the separatives nís and . The change of meaning of the ablative with ā́ hither, by which it comes to fill the office of its opposite, the accusative, was sufficiently explained above (293 c). Of directive words akin with the prefixes, many — as bahíspurásavásadhásparáspurā́vinā, and tirás out of knowledge of — accompany this case by a perfectly regular construction. Also the case-forms arvā́kprā́kpaçcā́tūrdhvámpū́rvampáram, and ṛté without, of which the natural construction with an ablative is predominant earlier.