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1130. The Genitive

The Genitive. The words which are accompanied by the genitive are mostly case-forms of nouns, or of adjectives used substantively, retaining enough of the noun-character to take this case as their natural adjunct. Such are the locatives agre in front ofabhyāçe neararthe and kṛte for the sake ofnimitte and hetāu by reason ofmadhye in the midst of;and other cases, as arthāyakāraṇātsakāçāthetos. And really, although less directly and obviously, of the same character are other adjective cases (some of them showing other constructions, already noticed): as adhareṇauttareṇa and uttarātdakṣiṇena and dakṣiṇātpaçcātūrdhvamanantaramsamakṣamsākṣāt. More questionable, and illustrations rather of the general looseness of use of the genitive, are its constructions (almost wholly unknown in the oldest language) with more proper words of direction: thus, with the derivative paritasparatas, and antitas, and parastāt and purastāt (these found in the Brāhmaṇa language: as, saṁvatsarasya parastāt after a year; sūktasya purastāt before the hymn [AB.]); with antiadhasavaspuras; with upari above (common later); and with antar.