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1149. The vast majority of stems

आ ā. The vast majority of stems in आ ā are feminine adjectives, corresponding to masculines and neuters in अ a (332, 334). But also many suffixes ending in अ a have corresponding feminine forms in long आ ā, making a greater or less number of action-nouns. These will be given under the different suffixes below.

a. There is further, however, a considerable body of feminine action-nouns made by adding ā to a root, and having an independent aspect; though they are doubtless in part transfers from the root-noun (1147). Usually they show an unstrengthened form of root, and (such as occur in accented texts) an accented suffix.

b. Examples are īçā́ lordshipkrīdā́ playdayā́ pitynindā́ reproachçan̄kā́ doubthiṅsā injurykṣamā patiencekṣudhā hungerbhāṣā speechsevā servicespṛhāeagerness.

c. But especially, such nouns in ā are made in large numbers, and with perfect freedom, from secondary conjugation-stems.

d. Thus, especially from desiderative stems, as jigīṣā́bhikṣā́vīrtsā́bībhatsā́, etc. (see 1038); in the formation of periphrastic perfects, especially from causative stems, but also from desiderative and intensive, and even from primary present-stems (1071 c–f); from denominative stems, in the older language, as açvayā́sukratūyā́apasyā́uruṣyā́,asūyā́açanayā́jīvanasyā́, etc., and quite rarely in the later, as mṛgayā.

e. The only example from a reduplicated stem is the late paspaçā; for sūṣā́ján̄ghā, and jihvā́, which have a reduplicated aspect, are of doubtful origin. From present-stems comeicchā and probably -ṛcchā.