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1163. Words made with this suffix are almost without exception

थ tha. The words made with this suffix are almost without exception action-nouns (though some have assumed a concrete value). They are of all genders. The root is of a weak (or even weakened) form, and the accent usually on the suffix.

a. Thus: masc., -itha goingártha goal, -kṛtha makinggāthá songpakthá n. pr., bhṛthá offering, -yātha road, -çītha lying downçotha swellingsīktha sediment; and, of less clear connections, yūthá herdrátha chariot; — neut., ukthá sayingtīrthá fordnīthá songrikthá heritage, and apparently pṛṣṭhá back; — fem. (with ā), gā́thā song,nī́thā way. Radical ā is weakened to ī in gī́tha song and -pītha drink and -pītha protection; a final nasal is lost in -gatha going and hathá slaying. In vijigīthá (ÇB.; but BAU. -īta) is apparently seen a formation from a reduplication of √victorious.

b. A few examples of combination with prefixes occur, with accent on the final: thus, nirṛthá destructionsaṁgathá union, etc.

c. Still more common in the older language is a form of this suffix to which has become prefixed an á, which is probably of thematic origin, though become a union-vowel. Thus: -anáthabreathingayátha footcarátha mobilitytveṣátha vehemence, and so protháthayajátharaváthavakṣáthaucáthavidáthaçaṅsathaçapáthaçayátha,çvayáthaçvasáthasacáthastanáthastaváthasravátha, and, with weak root-form, ruvátha; the later language adds karathatarathaçamathasavatha. With a prefix, the accent is thrown forward upon the final: thus, āvasathá abodepravasathá absence; but prāṇátha breath is treated as if prān were an integral root.

d. Isolated combinations of tha with other preceding vowels occur: thus, várūtha protectionjárūtha wasting (?); and matútha (√man?).