Contents‎ > ‎CHAPTERS‎ > ‎CHAPTER XVII‎ > ‎

1171. Suffix are made a few derivatives

 वर vara. With this suffix are made a few derivatives, of all genders, having for the most part the value of agent-nouns and adjectives. Much more common are the feminine stems in वरी varī, which, from the earliest period, serve as corresponding feminines to the masculine stems in वन् van.

a. A few masculine adjectives in vará occur, formally accordant (except in accent) with the feminines: thus, itvará going, -advara eating; and so, further, in the older language,īçvará, -jāvaraphárvarabhārvarábhāsvarávyadhvará (?), -sadvarasthāvará, and doubtless with them belongs vidvalá; later, -kasvaragatvaraghasvara(also ghasmara), -jitvaranaçvarapīvaramadvara, -sṛtvara; from a reduplicated root, yāyāvará (B. and later). Many of these have feminines in ā.

b. The feminines in varī accord in treatment of the root and in accent with the masculines in van to which they correspond: thus, yájvarī, -jítvarīsṛ́tvarī, -çī́varī, -yāvarī, and so on (about twenty-five such formations in RV.); from a reduplicated root, -çiçvarī.

c. A very small number of neuters occur, with accent on the root: thus, kárvara deedgáhvara (later also gabhvarathicket; and a feminine or two, with accent on the penult: urvárāfield, and urvárī tow (both of doubtful etymology).

We take up now the suffixes by which are made only stems having the value of agent-nouns and adjectives; beginning with a brief mention of the participial endings, which in general have been already sufficiently treated.