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1175. The participles ending

आन āna. The participles ending in आन āna are of middle and passive value, like those just noticed, and either present, perfect, or (partly with the form सान sāna: above, 897 b) aorist.

a. A few other words ending in the same manner in the old language may be mentioned here. The RV. has the adjectives tákavānabhṛ́gavāṇavásavānaūrdhvasāná, apparently made on the model of participial stems. Also the proper names ápnavānapṛ́thavāna, and cyávāna and cyávatānaPárçāna abyss is doubtful; rujā́nā (RV., once) is probably a false reading; ā́pnāna is of doubtful character.