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1186. Suffix ka is of very common use in secondary derivation

क ka. The suffix क ka is of very common use in secondary derivation (below, 1222); whether it is directly added to roots is almost questionable: at any rate, extremely few primary derivatives are made with it.

a. The words which have most distinctly the aspect of being made from roots are puṣka-, -meka (√mi fix), yaska n. pr., çúṣka dryçlóka (√çru hearnoise, report, etc., and -sphākateeming; and stúkā flake and stoká drop seem to belong together to a root sturākā́ f., n. pr., may be added.

b. But ka enters, in its value as secondary, into the composition of certain suffixes reckoned as primary: see aka and uka (above, 1180, 1181).

c. A few words in which ika and īka seem added to a root, though they are really of a kindred formation with the preceding, may be most conveniently noticed here: thus, vṛ́çcika(√vraçcscorpion; ánīka (?) facedṛ́çīka aspectdṛ́bhīka n. pr., mṛḍīká grace, vṛdhīká increaserā́çarīka and víçarīka gripes, -ṛjīka beamingṛṣīkaṛkṣī́kā; and, from reduplicated root, parpharī́ka scattering (?). Compare secondary suffix ka (below, 1222).