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1211. Derivatives in ya with initial

Derivatives in य ya with initial vṛddhi-strengthening follow quite closely, in form and meaning, the analogy of those in अ a (above, 1208). They are, however, decidedly less common than the latter (in Veda, ahout three fifths as many).

a. Examples are : with the usual shift of accent, dāívya divine (devá), pā́litya grayness (palitá), grāívya cervical (grīvā́), ā́rtvijya priestly office (ṛtvíj), gā́rhapatyahouseholder's (gṛhápati), jā́narājya kingship (janarā́j), sā́ṁgrāmajitya victory in battle (saṁgrāmajít), sāúvaçvya wealth in houses (sváçva), āúpadraṣṭrya witness(upadraṣṭṛ́); ādityá Aditya (áditi), sāumyá relating to sómaātithyá hospitality (átithi), prājāpatyá belonging to Prajā́pativāimanasyá mindlessness (vímanas),sā́hadevya descendant of Sahádeva; — with accent thrown forward from the final upon the ending, lāukyá of the world (loká), kāvyá of the Kaví-raceārtvyá descendant of Ritú,vāyavyá belonging to the wind (vāyú), rāivatyá wealth (revánt); with unchanged accent (very few), ā́dhipatya lordship (ádhipati), çrāíṣṭhya excellence (çréṣṭha), vāíçyabelonging to the third class (víç people), pāúṁsya manliness (púṁs).

b. The AV. has once nāirbādhyà, with circumflexed final; if not an error, it is doubtless made through nāirbādhavāiṣṇavyāú (VS. i. 12) appears to be dual fem. of vāiṣṇavī́.