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1233. vant. Very numerous possessive adjectives

वन्त् vant. Very numerous possessive adjectives are made by this suffix, from noun-stems of every form, both in the earlier language and in the later.

a. The accent generally remains upon the primitive, without change; but an accent resting on a stem-final, if this be anything but á or ā́, is in the majority of cases thrown forward upon the suffix. As to inflection, formation of feminine, etc., see 452 ff.

b. A final vowel — oftenest a, very rarely u — is in many words lengthened in the older language (247) before this ending, as in composition. Nouns in an more often retain the n.

c. Examples of the normal formation are: with unchanged accent, kéçavant hairyputrávant having a sonprajánanavant procreativepuṇḍárīkavant rich in lotuses,híraṇyavant rich in goldapūpávant having cakesrājanyàvant allied with a kshatriya; prajā́vant having progenyū́rṇāvant woolydákṣiṇāvant rich in sacrificial gifts;sákhivant having friendssaptarṣívant accompanied by the seven sages; çácīvant powerfultáviṣīvant vehementpátnīvant with spousedhī́vant devoted,dyā́vāpṛthivī́vant (94 b) with heaven and earth; víṣṇuvant accompanied by Vishnu; háritvant goldenāvṛ́tvant hither turnedāçī́rvant mixed with milksvàrvantsplendidçarádvant full of yearspúṁsvant having a malepáyasvant richtámasvant darkbráhmaṇvant accompanied with worshiprómaṇvant hairy (but also romavant, lómavant, vṛtrahavant, etc.), kakúbhvant containing a kakúbh; — with accent on the suffix, agnivánt having firerayivánt wealthynṛvánt manlypadvánt having feet,nasvánt with noseāsanvánt having a mouthçīrṣaṇvánt headed (also çīrṣavant).

d. With final stem-vowel lengthened: for example, áçvāvant (beside áçvavantpossessing horsessutā́vant having soma expressedvṛ́ṣṇyāvant of virile force (about thirty such cases occur in V.); çáktīvant mightysvádhitīvant having axesghṛ́ṇīvant hot; viṣūvánt dividing (víṣu apart).

e. Certain special irregularities are as follows: an inserted s in índrasvant, máhiṣvant; inserted n in vánanvant, búdhanvant, vádhanvant, gartanvánt, māṅsanvánt; shortening of a final of the primitive in māyávant, yājyàvant, puronuvākyàvant, āmíkṣavant, sarasvativant; abbreviation in hiraṇvant; inserted ā in çavasāvant, sahasāvant, and the odd mahimāvant; anomalous accent in kṛçanā́vant (if from kṛ́çana pearl); derivation from particles in antárvant pregnantviṣūvánt (above, d).

f. Instead of the specialized meaning of possessing, the more general one of like to, resembling is seen in a number of words, especially in the derivatives from pronominal stems, mā́vantlike me etc. (517: add ī́vant, kī́vant). Other examples are índrasvant like Indranīḍávant nestlikenī́lavant blackishnṛvánt manlypṛ́ṣadvant speckledkṣāítavantprincely; compare the later paravant dependent. It was pointed out above (1107) that the adverb of comparison in vát is the accusative neuter of a derivative of this class.

g. In a few words, vant has the aspect of forming primary derivatives: thus, vivásvant (or vívasvantshining, also n. pr., ánupadasvant, árvant, pípiṣvant (?), yahvánt.

h. For the derivatives in vat from prepositions, which appear to have nothing to do with this suffix, see 1245 j.

i. While this suffix is generally added to a primitive according to the rules of internal combination (see examples above, c), treatment also as in external combination begins already in RV., in pṛ́ṣadvant (pṛ́ṣat), and becomes more common later: thus, tapovant, tejovant, an̄girovant (beside tápasvant etc.); vidyúdvant (beside vidyutvant), bṛhadvant, jagadvant, sadvant, etc.; triṣṭubvant (against kakúbhvant), samidvant, vimṛdvantvāgvant (against ṛkvant); svarāḍvanthavyavāḍvantāçīrvant.

j. None of the suffixes beginning with v show in the Veda resolution of v to u.