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1253. The noun-copulatives fall

The noun-copulatives fall, as regards their inflective form, into two classes:

1. a. The compound has the gender and declension of its final member, and is in number a dual or a plural, according to its logical value, as denoting two or more than two individual things.

b. Examples are: prāṇāpānāú inspiration and expirationvrīhiyavāú rice and barleyṛksāmé verse and chantkapotolukāú dove and owlcandrādityāu moon and sun,hastyaçvāu the elephant and horseajāváyas goats and sheepdevāsurā́s the gods and demonsatharvān̄girásas the Atharvans and Angirasessambādhatandryàsanxieties and fatiguesvidyākarmáṇī knowledge and actionhastyaçvās elephants and horses; of more than two members (no examples quotable from the older language),çayyāsanabhogās lying, sitting, and eatingbrāhmaṇakṣatriyaviṭçūdrās a Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaiçya, and Çūdrarogaçokaparītāpabandhanavyasanāni disease, pain, grief, captivity, and misfortune.

2. c. The compound, without regard to the number denoted, or to the gender of its constituents, becomes a neuter singular collective.

d. Examples are: iṣṭāpūrtám what is offered and bestowedahorātrám a day and nightkṛtākṛtám the done and undonebhūtabhavyám past and futurekeçaçmaçrú hair and beardoṣadhivanaspatí plants and treescandratārakám moon and starsahinakulam snake and ichneumonçirogrīvam head and neckyūkāmakṣīkamatkuṇam lice, flies, and bugs.