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1257. Copulative compounds composed of adjectives

Copulative compounds composed of adjectives which retain their adjective character are made in the same manner, but are in comparison rare.

a. Examples are çuklakṛṣṇa light and darksthalajāudaka terrestrial and aquaticdāntarājatasāuvarṇa of ivory and silver and gold, used distributively; and vṛttapīna round and plumpçāntānukūla tranquil and propitioushṛṣitasragrajohīna wearing fresh garlands and free from dustniṣekādiçmaçānānta beginning with conception and ending with burial, used cumulatively; nā ’tiçītoṣṇa not over cold or hot, used alternatively; kṣaṇadṛṣṭanaṣṭa seen for a moment and then lostcintitopasthita at hand as soon as thought of, in more pregnant sense.

b. In the Veda, the only examples noted are the cumulative nīlalohitá and iṣṭāpūrtá etc., used in the neut. sing. as collectives (as pointed out above), with tāmradhūmrá dark tawny; and the distributive dakṣiṇasavyá right and leftsaptamāṣṭamá seventh and eighth, and bhadrapāpá good and bad (beside the corresponding neut. collective). Such combinations as satyānṛté truth and falsehoodpriyāpriyā́ṇi things agreeable and disagreeable, where each component is used substantively, are, of course, not to be separated from the ordinary noun-compounds.

c. A special case is that of the compound adjectives of direction: as uttarapūrva north-eastprāgdakṣiṇa south-east', dakṣiṇapaçcima south-west, etc.: compare 1291 b.