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1264. Dependent compounds

Dependent Noun-compounds. In this division, the case-relation of the prior member to the other may be of any kind; but, in accordance with the usual relations of one noun to another, it is oftenest genitive, and least often accusative.

a. Examples are: of genitive relation, devasenā́ army of godsyamadūtá Yama's messengerjīvaloká the world of the livingindradhanús Indra's bowbrahmagavī́ the Brahman's cowviṣagirí poison-mountmitralābha acquisition of friendsmūrkhaçatāni hundreds of foolsvīrasenasuta Vī́rasena's sonrājendra chief of kings,asmatputrās our sonstadvacas his words; — of dative, pādodaka water for the feetmāsanicaya accumulation for a month; — of instrumental, ātmasādṛçya likeness with self,dhānyārtha wealth acquired by graindharmapatnī lawful spousepitṛbandhú paternal relation; — of ablative, apsaraḥsambhava descent from a nymphmadviyoga separation from mecāurabhaya fear of a thief; — of locative, jalakrīḍā sport in the watergrāmavāsa abode in the villagepuruṣānṛta untruth about a man; — of accusative, nagaragamanagoing to the city.