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1280. The simplest case is

The simplest case is that in which a noun as final member is preceded by a qualifying adjective as prior member.

a. In this combination, both noun and adjective may be of any kind, verbal or otherwise. The accent is (as in the corresponding class of dependent noun-compounds: 1267) on the final syllable.

b. Thus, ajñātayakṣmá unknown diseasemahādhaná great wealthkṣipraçyená swift hawkkṛṣṇaçakuní black birddakṣiṇāgní southern fireurukṣití wide abode,adharahanú lower jawitarajaná other folkssarvātmán whole soulekavīrá sole herosaptarṣí seven sagestṛtīyasavaná third libationekonaviṅçatí a score diminished by onejāgratsvapná waking sleepyāvayatsakhá defending friendapakṣīyamāṇapakṣá waning half.

c. There are not a few exceptions as regards accent. Especially, compounds with víçva (in composition, accented viçvá), which itself retains the accent: thus, viçvádevās all the godsviçvámānuṣa every man. For words in ti, see below, 1287 d. Sporadic cases are madhyáṁdina, vṛṣkā́pi, both of which show an irregular shift of tone in the prior member; and a few others.

d. Instead of an adjective, the prior member is in a few cases a noun used appositionally, or with a quasi-adjective value. Thus, rājayakṣmá king-diseasebrahmarṣi priest-sage,rājarṣi king-sagerājadanta king-toothdevajana god-folkduhitṛjana daughter-personçamīlatā creeper named çamīmuṣikākhyā the name "mouse"jayaçabda the word "conquer"ujhitaçabda the word "deserted"; or, more figuratively, gṛhanaraka house-hell (house which is a hell), çāpāgni curse-fire (consuming curse).

e. This group is of consequence, inasmuch as in possessive application it is greatly extended, and forms a numerous class of appositional compounds: see below, 1302.

f. This whole subdivision, of nouns with preceding qualifying adjectives, is not uncommon; but it is greatly (in AV., for example, more than five times) exceeded in frequency by the sub-class of possessives of the same form: see below, 1298.