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1286. The root-stem is very often combined

The root-stem (pure root, or with t added after a short final vowel: 1147 d) is very often combined with a preceding adverbial word, of various kinds; and in the combination it retains the accent.

a. Examples are: with inseparable prefixes, adrúh not harmingasū́ not giving birtharúc not shining; sukṛ́t well-doingsuçrút hearing well; duṣkṛ́t ill-doingdūḍā́ç (199 d)impious; sayúj joining togethersamád conflict; sahajā́ born togethersahaváh carrying together; — with other adverbs, amājúr growing old at homeuparispṛ́ç touching upward,punarbhū́ appearing againprātaryúj harnessed earlysadyaḥkrī́ bought the same daysākaṁvṛ́dh growing up togethersadaṁdí ever-bindingviṣūvṛ́t turning to both sides,vṛthāsáh easily overcoming; — with adjectives used adverbially, uruvyác wide-spreadingprathamajā́ first-bornraghuṣyád swift-movingnavasū́ newly giving birthekajá only bornçukrapíç brightly adorneddvijá twice borntrivṛ́t triplesvarā́j self-ruling; — with nouns used adverbially, çambhū́ beneficentsūryaçvít shining like the sun,īçānakṛ́t acting as lordsvayambhū́ self-existent; and, with accusative case-form, pataṁgá going by flight.

b. When, however, a root-stem is already in composition, whether with a verbal prefix or an element of other character, the further added negative itself takes the accent (as in case of an ordinary adjective: below, 1288 a): thus, for example, ánākṣit not abidingánāvṛt not turning backávidviṣ not showing hostilityáduṣkṛt not ill-doingánaçvadā not giving a horse,ápaçuhan not slaying cattle (anāgā́s would be an exception, if it contained √: which is very unlikely). Similar combinations with su seem to retain the radical accent: thus,supratúr, svābhū́, svāyújsvā́vṛj is an unsupported exception.

c. A few other exceptions occur, mostly of doubtful character, as prátiprāç, sadhástha, ádhrigu, and the words having añc as final member (407 ff.: if this element is not, after all, a suffix) compare 1269 a.