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1305. Possessive compounds in which a verbal prefix

Possessive compounds in which a verbal prefix is used as prior member with adjective value, qualifying a noun as final member, are found even in the oldest language, and are rather more common later (compare the descriptive compounds, above, 1289; and the prepositional, below, 1310). They usually have the accent of the prefix.

a. Most common are those made with pravi, and sam; thus, for example, prámahas having exceeding mightpráçravas widely famed; vígrāva of wry neckvyàn̄ga having limbs away or gone, limblessvíjāni wifelessvíparva and víparus jointlessvyàdhvan of wide waysvímanas both of wide mind and mindlessvívācas of discordant speech;sámpatnī having one's husband alongsámmanas of accordant mindsáṁsahasra accompanied by a thousandsámokas of joint abode. Examples of others are: átyūrmi surging overádhivastra having a garment onádhyardha with a half overádhyakṣa overseerápodaka without waterabhírūpa of adapted characterávatoka that has aborted,ā́manas of favorable mindúdojas of exalted powernímanyu of assuaged furynírmāya free from guilenírhasta handless.

b. In a comparatively small number of cases, the accent is otherwise, and generally on the final: thus, avakeçá, upamanyú, viçaphá, viçikhá (AV. víçikha), vikarṇá, saṁmātṛ́, etc.; in an instance or two, that of the final member: thus, samçíçvarī having a common young.