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1312. The substantively used compounds

The substantively used compounds having a numeral as prior member, along with, in part, the adjective compounds themselves, are treated by the Hindus as a separate class, calleddvigu.

a. The name is a sample of the class, and means of two cows, said to be used in the sense of worth two cows; as also pañcagu bought for five cowsdvināu worth two ships,páñcakapāla made in five cups, and so on.

b. Vedic examples of numeral abstracts and collectives are: dvirājá [combat] of two kingstriyugá three agestriyojaná space of three leaguestridivá the triple heaven,pañcayojaná space of five leaguesṣaḍahá six days' timedaçān̄gulá ten fingers' breadth; and, with suffix yasahasrāhṇyá thousand days' journey. Others, not numeral, but essentially of the same character, are, for example: anamitrá freedom from enemiesnikilbiṣá freedom from guiltsavidyutá thunderstormvíhṛdaya heartlessness, andsáhṛdaya heartinesssudivá prosperity by daysumṛgá and suçakuná prosperity with beasts and birds. Feminines of like use are not quotable from RV. or AV.; later occur such astriçatī three hundred (481), trilokī the three worldspañcamūlī aggregate of five roots.

c. As the examples show, the accent of words thus used is various; but it is more prevailingly on the final syllable than in the adjective compounds in their ordinary use.