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276. Accusative is often used in more adverbial constructions

The accusative is often used in more adverbial constructions. Thus:

a. Occasionally, to denote measure of space: thus, yojanaçataṁ gantum (MBh.) to go a hundred leagues; ṣaḍ ucchrito yojanāni (MBh.) six leagues high.

b. Much more often, to denote measure or duration of time: thus, sá saṁvatsarám ūrdhvò ‘tiṣṭhat (AV.) he stood a year upright; tisró rā́trīr dīkṣitáḥ syāt (TS.) let him be consecrated three nights; gatvā trīn ahorātrān (MBh.) having traveled three complete days.

c. Sometimes, to denote the point of space, or, oftener, of time: thus, yā́m asya díçaṁ dásyuḥ syā́t (ÇB.) whatever region his enemy may be in; ténāi ’tā́ṁ rā́triṁ sahā́” jagāma (ÇB.) he arrived that night with him; imāṁ rajanīṁ vyuṣṭām (MBh.) this current night.

d. Very often, to denote manner or accompanying circumstance. Thus, the neuter accusative of innumerable adjectives, simple or compound (1111), is used adverbially, while certain kinds of compounds are thus used to such an extent that the Hindu grammarians have made of them a special adverbial class (1313).

e. Special cases are occasionally met with: thus, brahmacáryam uvāsa (ÇB.) he kept a term of studentship; phalám pacyánte (MS.) they ripen their fruit; gā́ṁ dīvyadhvam (MS., S.) gamble for a cow.