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404. Of very irregular formation and inflection

Of very irregular formation and inflection is one common compound of vah, namely anaḍváh (anas+vah, burden-bearing or cart-drawing, i.e. ox). Its stem-form in the strong cases is anaḍvā́h, in the weakest anaḍúh, and in the middle anaḍúd (perhaps by dissimilation from anaḍúḍ). Moreover, its nom. and voc. sing, are made in vānand van (as if from a vant-stem). Thus:


Singular.Dual.Plural.
N.anaḍvā́nanaḍvā́hāuanaḍvā́has
A.anaḍvā́hamanaḍúhas
I.anaḍúhāanaḍúdbhyāmanaḍúdbhis
D.anaḍúheanaḍúdbhyas
Ab.anaḍúhas
G.anaḍúhosanaḍúhām
L.anaḍúhianaḍútsu
V.ánaḍvanánaḍvāhāuánaḍvāhas
a. Anaḍúdbhyas (AV., once) is the only middle case-form quotable from the older language. But compounds showing the middle stem — as anaḍucchata, anaḍudarha— are met with in Brāhmaṇas etc.

b. The corresponding feminine stem (of very infrequent occurrence) is either anaḍuhī́ (ÇB.) or anaḍvāhī́ (K. MS.).