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418. Adjective compounds having nouns

Adjective compounds having nouns of this division as final member are very common: thus, sumánas favorably minded; dīrghā́yus long-lived; çukráçocis having brilliant brightness. The stem-form is the same for all genders, and each gender is inflected in the usual manner, the stems in as making their nom. sing. masc. and fem. inās (like án̄giras, above). Thus, from sumánas, the nom. and accus. are as follows:


Singular.Dual.Plural.

m.f.n.m.f.n.m.f.n.
N.sumánās-nassumánasāu-nasīsumánasas-nāṅsi
A.sumánasam-nas

and the other cases (save the vocative) are alike in all genders.

a. In Veda and Brāhmaṇa, the neut. nom. sing. is in a considerable number of instances made in ās, like the other genders.

b. From dīrghā́yus, in like manner:

N.dīrghā́yusdīrghā́yuṣāu-yuṣīdīrghā́yuṣas-yūṅṣi
A.dīrghā́yuṣam-yus
I.dīrghā́yuṣādīrghā́yurbhyāmdīrghā́yurbhis

etc.etc.etc.