Contents‎ > ‎CHAPTERS‎ > ‎V. NOUNS AND ADJECTIVES.‎ > ‎

441. There are no irregularities in the inflection of in-stems

a. There are no irregularities in the inflection of in-stems, in either the earlier language or the later — except the usual Vedic dual ending in ā instead of āu.

b. Stems in in exchange with stems in i throughout the whole history of the language, those of the one class being developed out of those of the other often through transitional forms. In a much smaller number of cases, stems in in are expanded to stems in ina: e.g. çākiná (RV.), çuṣmiṇa (B.), barhiṇa, bhajina.