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463. The comparative adjectives

G. Comparatives in yāṅs or yas.

The comparative adjectives of primary formation (below, 467) have a double form of stem for masculine and neuter: a stronger, ending in यांस् yāṅs (usually ईयांस् īyāṅs) in the strong cases, and a weaker, in यस् yas (or ईयस् īyas), in the weak cases (there being no distinction of middle and weakest). The voc. sing. masc. ends in यन् yan(but for the older language see below, 465 a).

a. The feminine is made by adding ई ī to the weak masc.-neut. stem.