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470. Of peculiarities and irregularities of formation

Of peculiarities and irregularities of formation, the following may be noticed:

a. The suffix īyas has in a few instances the briefer form yas, generally as alternative with the other: thus, távīyas and távyas, návīyas and návyas, vásīyas andvásyas, pánīyas and pányas; and so from rabh and sah; sányas occurs alone. From bhū come bhū́yas and bhū́yiṣṭha, beside which RV. has also bhávīyas.

b. Of roots in ā, the final blends with the initial of the suffix to e: thus, sthéyas, dhéṣṭha, yéṣṭha; but such forms are in the Veda generally to be resolved, as dháïṣṭha,yáïṣṭha. The root jyā forms jyéṣṭha, but jyā́yas (like bhū́yas).

c. The two roots in ī, prī and çrī, form préyas and préṣṭha and çréyas and çréṣṭha.

d. From the root of ṛjú come, without strengthening, ṛ́jīyas and ṛ́jiṣṭha; but in the older language also, more regularly, rájīyas and rájiṣṭha.