Contents‎ > ‎CHAPTERS‎ > ‎Chapter VII‎ > ‎

516. Possessives

Possessives. a. From the representative stems mad etc. are formed the adjectives madīya, asmadīya, tvadīya, yuṣmadīya, tadīya, and etadīya, which are used in a possessive sense: relating to me, mine, and so on.

b. Other possessives are māmaká (also māmaka, RV.) and tāvaká, from the genitives máma and táva. And RV. has once mā́kīna.

c. An analogous derivative from the genitive amúṣya is āmuṣyāyaṇá (AV. etc.) descendant of such and such a one.

d. It was pointed out above (493) that the "genitives" asmā́kam and yuṣmā́kam are really stereotyped cases of possessive adjectives.

e. Corresponding to svayám (513) is the possessive svá, meaning own, as relating to all persons and numbers. The RV. has once the corresponding simple possessive of the second person, tvá thy.

f. For the use of sva as reflexive pronoun, see above, 513 b.

g. All these words form their feminines in ā.

h. Other derivatives of a like value have no claim to be mentioned here. But (excepting sva) the possessives are so rarely used as to make but a small figure in the language, which prefers generally to indicate the possessive relation by the genitive case of the pronoun itself.