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11. A consonant-sign

A consonant-sign, however, is capable of being made to signify the consonant-sound alone, without an added vowel, by having written beneath it a stroke called thevirāma (rest, stop): thus, क् k, द् d, ह् h.

a. Since, as was pointed out above, the Hindus write the words of a sentence continuously like one word (9 a, 9 b), the virāma is in general called only for when a final consonant occurs before a pause. But it is also occasionally resorted to by scribes, or in print, in order to avoid an awkward or difficult combination of consonant-signs: thus,

लिड्​भिः liḍbhiḥ, लिट्​सु liṭsu, अङ्‌क्ष्व an̄kṣva;

and it is used to make a separation of words in texts prepared for beginners (9 d).